Tilted Forum Project Discussion Community  

Go Back   Tilted Forum Project Discussion Community > Chatter > General Discussion


 
 
LinkBack Thread Tools
Old 09-30-2010, 02:34 PM   #1 (permalink)
warrior bodhisattva
 
Baraka_Guru's Avatar
 
Super Moderator
Location: East-central Canada
Canadian court decriminalizes prostitution/brothels

Quote:
Sex workers celebrate as Canada court lifts ban on brothels

Ruling that makes bordellos legal calls on country's lawmakers and police to regulate sex trade instead of outlawing it


A Canadian court has overturned a national ban on brothels after a challenge by prostitutes who argued that the law forced them to risk their safety by working on the streets.

The court in Ontario dismissed bans on pimping, soliciting and running brothels in a case that could set a precedent for the country. Prostitution is not illegal in Canada, but it is heavily regulated.

The Ontario superior court upheld a challenge brought by three prostitutes, who said the ban endangered their health and forced them into unsafe working conditions.

Justice Susan Himel ruled this week that the dangers prostitutes faced on the streets far outweighed any harm caused to the public by the existence of brothels.

Himel said the laws set up to protect prostitutes actually harmed them.

The 131-page ruling said the ban violated a provision of the constitution guaranteeing "the right to life, liberty and security", and called on the Canadian parliament to regulate the sex trade rather than ban such practices.

"These laws … force prostitutes to choose between their liberty, interest and their right to security of the person," she said.

One of the women who brought the case, Terri-Jean Bedford, argued that the provisions forced sex-trade workers away from the safety of their homes to face violence on the streets. She described the judgment as "like emancipation day for sex-trade workers".

She told a press conference: "You can't imagine how happy I am today because I've been abused by the justice system for a very long time. The federal government must now take a stand and clarify what is legal and not legal between consenting adults in private."

Valerie Scott, another of the three women, said sex workers could now pick up the phone and call the police to report a client who had mistreated them.

Scott, 52, who has worked on the streets and in massage parlours, said the ruling would allow sex workers to set up unions, have health and safety standards, hire bodyguards, and pay income tax.

"We are not aliens," she said. "We are ordinary people and now we have rights.
Sex workers celebrate as Canada court lifts ban on brothels | World news | The Guardian

In a nutshell, an Ontario supreme court decision overturned a ban on soliciting sex and running brothels. This will force other provinces and jurisdictions to consider a legal precedent, and will put pressure on the federal government to acknowledge it nationally.

I think this is a good decision on the basis of the safety of the sex trade workers with respect to dangerous situations of being forced into dark corners of society to do their thing. However, there needs to be an examination of how to deal with human trafficking. Now that things are more in the open, perhaps police and politicians should do more.

What do you think?
  • Is this more an issue of rights or public safety?
  • Do you think this is a good decision?
  • Do you think that police and politicians should now do more to regulate the sex trade?
  • Will this be a boon to the sex trade or will it just make it less seedy?
  • Will this increase tourism?
__________________
Knowing that death is certain and that the time of death is uncertain, what's the most important thing?
—Bhikkhuni Pema Chödrön

Humankind cannot bear very much reality.
—From "Burnt Norton," Four Quartets (1936), T. S. Eliot
Baraka_Guru is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 02:50 PM   #2 (permalink)
comfortably numb...
 
uncle phil's Avatar
 
Super Moderator
Location: upstate
__________________
"We were wrong, terribly wrong. (We) should not have tried to fight a guerrilla war with conventional military tactics against a foe willing to absorb enormous casualties...in a country lacking the fundamental political stability necessary to conduct effective military and pacification operations. It could not be done and it was not done."
- Robert S. McNamara
-----------------------------------------
"We will take our napalm and flame throwers out of the land that scarcely knows the use of matches...
We will leave you your small joys and smaller troubles."
- Eugene McCarthy in "Vietnam Message"
-----------------------------------------
never wrestle with a pig.
you both get dirty;
the pig likes it.
uncle phil is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 03:01 PM   #3 (permalink)
... a sort of licensed troubleshooter.
 
Willravel's Avatar
 
I'm proud of you guys. Laws against prostitution don't decrease the practice, they only make it incredibly dangerous for the workers. I fully expect this ruling will lead to lower rates of underage prostitution, less instances of physical abuse and assault, and likely less cases of STDs. Can you imagine a prostitute suing a John for lying about having an STD?

On to the questions...
Is this more an issue of rights or public safety?
It's both, but if I had to choose, I'd say the issue of workers' rights is the most important issue of this ruling. Prostitutes, even in the most 'civilized' countries, are often treated as lower than slaves. Some of them are beaten, they're controlled, they're kept in fear and ignorance, and they have no hope for a brighter future. Sure, there are the higher-class escorts that are able to dictate terms and who have better protection, but what about the young girls? This had gone on too long.

Do you think this is a good decision?
God yes. I won't ever need the services, but this is ultimately better for everyone.

Do you think that police and politicians should now do more to regulate the sex trade?
Yes. Prostitutes are people and deserve the same workers' rights and dignity as the rest of us.

Will this be a boon to the sex trade or will it just make it less seedy?
Both, hopefully. This is a legitimate way for people to make money and I hope that taking it out of the shadows will help to make it more respected and more safe.

Will this increase tourism?
I can think of about 20 guys in my high school graduating class that will likely be visiting Canada because of this. And that's just my high school.
Willravel is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 03:19 PM   #4 (permalink)
Young Crumudgeon
 
Martian's Avatar
 
Location: Canada
Let's be perfectly clear about what we're looking at here. This is not the end of something, but rather the beginning.

The ruling was made by the Ontario Superior Court. It can and almost certainly will go to the Ontario Court of Appeals, and from there I would anticipate it'll go to the Supreme Court of Canada.

And if the current rules get thrown out, the House will step in with some new ones. This is too big an issue for the government to just leave it hanging out there, especially when that government is Harper's Tories.

I fully support this ruling, but the fight's just started. Let's not all start celebrating prematurely.
__________________
I wake up in the morning more tired than before I slept
I get through cryin' and I'm sadder than before I wept
I get through thinkin' now, and the thoughts have left my head
I get through speakin' and I can't remember, not a word that I said

- Ben Harper, Show Me A Little Shame
Martian is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 03:23 PM   #5 (permalink)
... a sort of licensed troubleshooter.
 
Willravel's Avatar
 
Oh.
Willravel is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 03:30 PM   #6 (permalink)
warrior bodhisattva
 
Baraka_Guru's Avatar
 
Super Moderator
Location: East-central Canada
Well, of course the feds are going to appeal. That much was expected. However, I'm not sure how far they'll get. I think the cat is out of the bag on an issue most people would rather just overlook. I think the worst damage they can do at this point is put limitations on it. I can't see them being able to put a cork on this and return to the way things were.

The issue is that the court has essentially unearthed a legal problem: current legislation needs to be changed because it's unjust to sex trade workers, an infringement on their rights and an impediment to their safety.

Going back to the way things were would be to deny sex trade workers protection under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and that's the fundamental issue.

Parliament will need to figure out how to manage the issue, as this ruling will spill over and throughout the country. The Crown has already thrown out one prostitution case based on the ruling, and it hasn't even taken effect yet.
__________________
Knowing that death is certain and that the time of death is uncertain, what's the most important thing?
—Bhikkhuni Pema Chödrön

Humankind cannot bear very much reality.
—From "Burnt Norton," Four Quartets (1936), T. S. Eliot
Baraka_Guru is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 03:46 PM   #7 (permalink)
Young Crumudgeon
 
Martian's Avatar
 
Location: Canada
The immediate and confusing question is what's going to be done while all of this is happening. The justice who handed down this ruling recommended that the current laws be struck down immediately, and if one agrees with her ruling that they violate Charter rights it's pretty hard to argue (for our US friends, the Charter in this context is roughly equivalent to your Constitution). Conversely, all but the most libertarian of folks agree that the sex trade does require some form of regulation, so just striking down the current laws and not having anything to replace them, goes the argument, is not the best idea ever. I think that argument falls apart if one takes the view that the prior laws were actively harmful, and I also don't think that an unregulated sex trade would lead to the collapse of society that some would have you believe, but at the same time I do recognize a need for some sort of system.

Aside: It's confirmed, the feds are taking this to the court of appeals. They've been granted a thirty day stay on the ruling and will be looking to have that extended through the appeal process (which could potentially take years).

Feds will appeal prostitution ruling

Feds will appeal prostitution ruling   click to show 


I'm anticipating that this is going to become a major point of political contention, but I'm not sure I trust my countrymen to be socially liberal enough to allow this to go the way I would like to see it go (tax and regulate). I wonder if this is going to serve to further erode Harper's power base, or to strengthen it.

As far as damage done, would it be possible for the government to pass the law that never got passed, and simply ban prostitution outright? I don't know. This gets outside my depth.

It's going to be worth watching, that much is certain.
__________________
I wake up in the morning more tired than before I slept
I get through cryin' and I'm sadder than before I wept
I get through thinkin' now, and the thoughts have left my head
I get through speakin' and I can't remember, not a word that I said

- Ben Harper, Show Me A Little Shame
Martian is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 03:54 PM   #8 (permalink)
warrior bodhisattva
 
Baraka_Guru's Avatar
 
Super Moderator
Location: East-central Canada
Quote:
Originally Posted by Martian View Post
I'm anticipating that this is going to become a major point of political contention, but I'm not sure I trust my countrymen to be socially liberal enough to allow this to go the way I would like to see it go (tax and regulate). I wonder if this is going to serve to further erode Harper's power base, or to strengthen it.
Are you kidding me? I can't think of anything more motivating to get potential Tory voters to the polls than Harper's support to appeal the ruling or to come up with some new overriding legislation---except maybe the continuing story of the long-gun registry. (Now put the two together.)

Unfortunately, I think the will of conservative voters to have this struck down is stronger than the opposition's voters' will to uphold it.

This is going to be better than the long-gun registry in terms of shaking things up. With a potentially damaged NDP and an uncertain Liberal base, this could be another point of leverage for Harper's dream for a Tory majority. *shudder*
__________________
Knowing that death is certain and that the time of death is uncertain, what's the most important thing?
—Bhikkhuni Pema Chödrön

Humankind cannot bear very much reality.
—From "Burnt Norton," Four Quartets (1936), T. S. Eliot
Baraka_Guru is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 04:06 PM   #9 (permalink)
Getting it.
 
Charlatan's Avatar
 
Super Moderator
Location: Lion City
This is a step in the right direction. Prostitution was already legal. The laws enacted to curb it's spread, while good in spirit, were not so good for the women in the sex trade industry.

The no pimping law (living off the avails) is a good idea to keep sex workers from being exploited by pimps. The problem is, any independent sex worker could not hire a body guard, have a roommate, etc. as they would be living off the avails.

The no communicating for the procurement of sex in public was meant to keep the practice off the streets but in practice meant that sex workers had to move into alleys and other out of the way places to communicate... putting them in danger from predators.

The no brothel house rules was meant to protect neighbours from the industry but, again, what it resulted in was a lack of security and being forced to meet strangers in less than ideal situations.

It turns out that there are already laws on the books that can deal with most of these issues that do not carry the stigma of the sex trade. As for the bawdy house issue, it is easily fixed by licensing these establishments and creating city zoning by-laws that allow them in certain areas and not others. There is already the precedent of licensing body rub establishments (i.e. rub and tugs).

The appeals will go through the motions and, hopefully, we come out the other side with better laws.
__________________
"My hands are on fire. Hands are on fire. Ain't got no more time for all you charlatans and liars."
- Old Man Luedecke
Charlatan is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 04:19 PM   #10 (permalink)
Addict
 
Pearl Trade's Avatar
 
Location: Houston, Texas
I've never fully understood why it was even illegal in the first place.
__________________
Our revenge will be the laughter of our children.
Give me convenience or give me death!
Pearl Trade is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 04:32 PM   #11 (permalink)
Junkie
 
Location: My head.
Whoa ... worst heading EVAR!! Sex workers "celebrate"?? L-O-L!!

OK, no that I've gotten that out of my system ... I fully support this law. I support it so much I'm moving to Canada ... If they'll have me.
Xerxys is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 04:34 PM   #12 (permalink)
warrior bodhisattva
 
Baraka_Guru's Avatar
 
Super Moderator
Location: East-central Canada
Well put, Charlatan.
__________________
Knowing that death is certain and that the time of death is uncertain, what's the most important thing?
—Bhikkhuni Pema Chödrön

Humankind cannot bear very much reality.
—From "Burnt Norton," Four Quartets (1936), T. S. Eliot
Baraka_Guru is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 04:35 PM   #13 (permalink)
Getting it.
 
Charlatan's Avatar
 
Super Moderator
Location: Lion City
I may move back to Canada and open a brothel. I sense a gold rush in the making.
__________________
"My hands are on fire. Hands are on fire. Ain't got no more time for all you charlatans and liars."
- Old Man Luedecke
Charlatan is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 04:37 PM   #14 (permalink)
warrior bodhisattva
 
Baraka_Guru's Avatar
 
Super Moderator
Location: East-central Canada
Quote:
Originally Posted by Charlatan View Post
I may move back to Canada and open a brothel. I sense a gold rush in the making.
You're going to need a copywriter with a penchant for puns. I already have some good ideas for web banners, flyers, and coupons.
__________________
Knowing that death is certain and that the time of death is uncertain, what's the most important thing?
—Bhikkhuni Pema Chödrön

Humankind cannot bear very much reality.
—From "Burnt Norton," Four Quartets (1936), T. S. Eliot
Baraka_Guru is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 07:20 PM   #15 (permalink)
bad craziness
 
m0rpheus's Avatar
 
Location: Guelph, Ontario
Quote:
Originally Posted by Charlatan View Post
This is a step in the right direction. Prostitution was already legal. The laws enacted to curb it's spread, while good in spirit, were not so good for the women in the sex trade industry.

The no pimping law (living off the avails) is a good idea to keep sex workers from being exploited by pimps. The problem is, any independent sex worker could not hire a body guard, have a roommate, etc. as they would be living off the avails.

The no communicating for the procurement of sex in public was meant to keep the practice off the streets but in practice meant that sex workers had to move into alleys and other out of the way places to communicate... putting them in danger from predators.

The no brothel house rules was meant to protect neighbours from the industry but, again, what it resulted in was a lack of security and being forced to meet strangers in less than ideal situations.

It turns out that there are already laws on the books that can deal with most of these issues that do not carry the stigma of the sex trade. As for the bawdy house issue, it is easily fixed by licensing these establishments and creating city zoning by-laws that allow them in certain areas and not others. There is already the precedent of licensing body rub establishments (i.e. rub and tugs).

The appeals will go through the motions and, hopefully, we come out the other side with better laws.
Very well said.
In the end will out and out street-walking will likely be illegal. Regulations will be put in for how and where it will be legal (red light district/brothel licenses). Escorts wont have to pretend they are just there for "company".
Workers working for licensed brothels will have the rights and protections that any worker has.
And of course it will be taxed. The government loves those "sin" taxes (currently the ones they love to jack up for booze and smokes).

As far as tourism, you think everyone who goes to Vegas goes there for the gambling (We've got that too)? Nah they go for the entertainment too
__________________
"it never got weird enough for me." - Hunter S. Thompson
m0rpheus is offline  
Old 09-30-2010, 07:38 PM   #16 (permalink)
Junkie
 
G5_Todd's Avatar
 
Location: Reichstag
OH CANADA! I know where I am taking my next vacation...
__________________
"....and when you men get home and face an anti-war protester, look him in the eyes and shake his hand. Then, wink at his girlfriend, because she knows she's dating a pussy."

-General Franks
G5_Todd is offline  
Old 10-01-2010, 05:16 AM   #17 (permalink)
Asshole
 
The_Jazz's Avatar
 
Administrator
Location: Chicago
I guess I'm going to be the guy that thinks it's a bad idea. And that's not because I'm anti-sex trade - I'm not.

I've got no problem at all with independent prostitutes who do their thing on their own. I think it's a great idea - not a service I ever plan on using, but not one I want to shut down.

Brothels, though, are much more exploitive. The opportunity for sexual slavery increases dramatically, especially as networks are built and the chances that the women will be used to make others rich increases dramatically. I see all sorts of potential for bad things to happen in brothels.
__________________
"They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety." - B. Franklin
"There ought to be limits to freedom." - George W. Bush
"We have met the enemy and he is us." - Pogo
The_Jazz is offline  
Old 10-01-2010, 06:43 PM   #18 (permalink)
Junkie
 
SirLance's Avatar
 
Location: In the middle of the desert.
Road trip!
__________________
DEMOCRACY is where your vote counts, FEUDALISM is where your count votes.
SirLance is offline  
Old 10-01-2010, 08:03 PM   #19 (permalink)
Junkie
 
Location: My head.
Quote:
Originally Posted by G5_Todd View Post
OH CANADA! I know where I am taking my next vacation...
In Fayetteville, NC there is a street commonly referred to as "VD" ... think about that a little bit.
Xerxys is offline  
Old 10-01-2010, 10:05 PM   #20 (permalink)
I Confess a Shiver
 
Plan9's Avatar
 
Quote:
Originally Posted by Xerxys View Post
In Fayetteville, NC there is a street commonly referred to as "VD" ... think about that a little bit.
Well, you left out the all important part about Fayetteville being home to one of the horniest bunch of men on Earth: Fort Bragg.

...

And I'm guessing you can't compare skanky American whores to classy Canadian whores. The Canadian ones probably tuck you in and do the dishes after their done slamming their ass down on you like an oil derrick. And they smell like maple syrup and free health care.

Last edited by Plan9; 10-01-2010 at 10:08 PM..
Plan9 is offline  
Old 10-03-2010, 08:43 AM   #21 (permalink)
bad craziness
 
m0rpheus's Avatar
 
Location: Guelph, Ontario
Quote:
Originally Posted by The_Jazz View Post
I guess I'm going to be the guy that thinks it's a bad idea. And that's not because I'm anti-sex trade - I'm not.

I've got no problem at all with independent prostitutes who do their thing on their own. I think it's a great idea - not a service I ever plan on using, but not one I want to shut down.

Brothels, though, are much more exploitive. The opportunity for sexual slavery increases dramatically, especially as networks are built and the chances that the women will be used to make others rich increases dramatically. I see all sorts of potential for bad things to happen in brothels.
I agree that there is a huge chance for explotation in brothels, which is why there would have to be very, very strict laws as to how a brothel is run. IMO one of the laws should be that all prostitutes working at the brothel must be employees of the brothel not "independant contractors" which is what they do at the strip clubs up here where they charge the strippers to work at the club.
The one thing about brothels that would be much better is that it is a MUCH safer environment than going to a hotel or private residence.
__________________
"it never got weird enough for me." - Hunter S. Thompson
m0rpheus is offline  
Old 10-03-2010, 09:25 AM   #22 (permalink)
Upright
 
Greyfurgang's Avatar
 
Location: Virginia in body, New York City in mind
Here is the currency accepted there.

[IMG]Canadian Money 3.jpg[/IMG]

---------- Post added at 01:25 PM ---------- Previous post was at 01:10 PM ----------

Quote:
Originally Posted by Greyfurgang View Post
Here is the currency accepted there.

[IMG]Canadian Money 3.jpg[/IMG]
Sorry about the no image. I'm a noob and have 4 more posts to go before I can post any. I will correct this post with the photo later.
__________________


Some days it not even worth chewing through the restraints.
Greyfurgang is offline  
Old 10-05-2010, 09:17 AM   #23 (permalink)
Junkie
 
Leto's Avatar
 
Location: The Danforth
Quote:
Originally Posted by Greyfurgang View Post
Here is the currency accepted there.

[IMG]Canadian Money 3.jpg[/IMG]

---------- Post added at 01:25 PM ---------- Previous post was at 01:10 PM ----------



Sorry about the no image. I'm a noob and have 4 more posts to go before I can post any. I will correct this post with the photo later.
does this help?

Canadian Money - J.J.'s Complete Guide to Canada




__________________
You said you didn't give a fuck about hockey
And I never saw someone say that before
You held my hand and we walked home the long way
You were loosening my grip on Bobby Orr


http://dune.wikia.com/wiki/Leto_Atreides_I
Leto is offline  
Old 10-05-2010, 09:27 AM   #24 (permalink)
Young Crumudgeon
 
Martian's Avatar
 
Location: Canada
Bottom one's out of date. It doesn't have the new twenties, fifties or one hundreds. Here's a better one:



What does this have to do with prostitution again?
__________________
I wake up in the morning more tired than before I slept
I get through cryin' and I'm sadder than before I wept
I get through thinkin' now, and the thoughts have left my head
I get through speakin' and I can't remember, not a word that I said

- Ben Harper, Show Me A Little Shame
Martian is offline  
Old 10-05-2010, 09:38 AM   #25 (permalink)
warrior bodhisattva
 
Baraka_Guru's Avatar
 
Super Moderator
Location: East-central Canada
Quote:
Originally Posted by Martian View Post
What does this have to do with prostitution again?
Maybe prostitutes don't take personal cheques, debit, or credit. Y'know, cash only, like so many Chinese restaurants around here.
__________________
Knowing that death is certain and that the time of death is uncertain, what's the most important thing?
—Bhikkhuni Pema Chödrön

Humankind cannot bear very much reality.
—From "Burnt Norton," Four Quartets (1936), T. S. Eliot
Baraka_Guru is offline  
Old 10-05-2010, 10:00 AM   #26 (permalink)
Devoted
 
Redlemon's Avatar
 
Donor
Location: New England
Quote:
Originally Posted by Martian View Post
What does this have to do with prostitution again?
I presume that it was a humorous image somehow combining Canadian money and sex. However, a search for the name of the image only led me to some Usenet archive locations requiring paid accounts, so I don't know what it was.
__________________
I can't read your signature. Sorry.
Redlemon is offline  
Old 10-16-2010, 06:39 PM   #27 (permalink)
pwl
Upright
 
Location: Calgary
Hello I'm New

Canada is missing out on collecting allot of taxes. The CRA Criminal Investigation Unit has very few if any collections from independent sex workers. Sex worker probably don’t earn as much money as we see on TV and movies shows however they are earning income tax free in most cases. I think licences sex workers probably pay tax. My point all sex workers should be paying tax and all of the payroll taxes that make up benefits for all of us. CPP EI etc. I wish I could get away from the taxman. Dos the taxman ever investigates sex workers for tax evasion? I think not. Who would have enough evidence to report them ? How would they prove that there was money changing hands? Sex workers don’t have a recipe or invoice book.

I work two sometimes three jobs just to pay the bills. The extra taxes would help lower the tax rates help the legitimate economy and keep the money circulating like its suppose to. IMO

PWL
pwl is offline  
 

Tags
canadian, court, decriminalizes, prostitution or brothels

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On



All times are GMT -8. The time now is 10:28 PM.

Tilted Forum Project

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.7
Copyright ©2000 - 2021, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Search Engine Optimization by vBSEO 3.6.0 PL2
© 2002-2012 Tilted Forum Project

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360