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Old 06-06-2003, 06:22 AM   #1 (permalink)
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Today in History - June 6, 1944 D-Day

<a target=new href="http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/"><b>Brought to you by the History Channel - LINK</b></a>

1944 D-Day

On this day in 1944, Supreme Allied Commander General Dwight D. Eisenhower gives the go-ahead for largest amphibious military operation in history: Operation Overlord, code named D-Day, the Allied invasion of northern France.

By daybreak, 18,000 British and American parachutists were already on the ground. At 6:30 a.m., American troops came ashore at Utah and Omaha beaches. At Omaha, the U.S. First Division battled high seas, mist, mines, burning vehicles-and German coastal batteries, including an elite infantry division, which spewed heavy fire. Many wounded Americans ultimately drowned in the high tide. British divisions, which landed at Gold, Juno, and Sword beaches, and Canadian troops also met with heavy German fire, but by the end of the day they were able to push inland.

Despite the German resistance, Allied casualties overall were relatively light. The United States and Britain each lost about 1,000 men, and Canada 355. Before the day was over, 155,000 Allied troops would be in Normandy. However, the United States managed to get only half of the 14,000 vehicles and a quarter of the 14,500 tons of supplies they intended on shore.

Three factors were decisive in the success of the Allied invasion. First, German counterattacks were firm but sparse, enabling the Allies to create a broad bridgehead, or advanced position, from which they were able to build up enormous troop strength. Second, Allied air cover, which destroyed bridges over the Seine, forced the Germans to suffer long detours, and naval gunfire proved decisive in protecting the invasion troops. And third, division and confusion within the German ranks as to where the invasion would start and how best to defend their position helped the Allies. (Hitler, convinced another invasion was coming the next day east of the Seine River, refused to allow reserves to be pulled from that area.)

Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, commander of Britain's Twenty-first Army Group (but under the overall command of General Eisenhower, for whom Montgomery, and his ego, proved a perennial thorn in the side), often claimed later that the invasion had come off exactly as planned. That was a boast, as evidenced by the failure to take Caen on the first day, as scheduled. While the operation was a decided success, considering the number of troops put ashore and light casualties, improvisation by courageous and quick-witted commanders also played an enormous role.

The D-Day invasion has been the basis for several movies, from The Longest Day (1962), which boasted an all-star cast that included Richard Burton, Sean Connery, John Wayne, Robert Mitchum-and Fabian, to Saving Private Ryan (1998), which includes some of the most grippingly realistic war scenes ever filmed, captured in the style of the famous Robert Capa still photos of the actual invasion.


Thank you for your sacrifice...


Also Today:
<a target=new href="http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/"><b>1984 - Indian Army Storms Golden Temple</b></a> - The Indian government announced that 492 Sikh militants were killed, but the Sikhs put the number at more than 1,000. More than 100 army troops were killed and several hundred wounded...On October 31, in a dramatic act of retaliation, Indira Gandhi was shot to death in her garden by two Sikh members of her own bodyguard. This act only led to further violence, and thousands of Sikhs were massacred by angry Hindus in Delhi ...

<a target=new href="http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/"><b>1918 Battle of Belleau Wood begins</b></a> - The first large-scale battle fought by American soldiers in World War I begins in Belleau Wood, northwest of the Paris-to-Metz road.

<a target=new href="http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/enter.html"><b>1933 America's first drive-in opens</b></a> - On this day in 1933, the first drive-in theater in the United States opens in Camden, New Jersey. The lot covered 10 acres, with room for 400 cars.
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Old 06-06-2003, 06:25 AM   #2 (permalink)
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I was at the 50th anniversary celibration at Normandy. A very emotional experience.
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Old 06-06-2003, 07:52 AM   #3 (permalink)
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Without the sacrifice of those brave men on that day, the world may be totally different today. Thank you to all veterens!
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Old 06-06-2003, 08:30 AM   #4 (permalink)
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Err... http://tfproject.org/tfp/showthread....threadid=10395
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Old 06-06-2003, 02:37 PM   #5 (permalink)
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