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Old 09-14-2004, 05:42 AM   #1 (permalink)
Crazy
 
Location: Arnold, MD
[c++]Large int into single #'s

How would I convert a larger int. ex: 8790278573 into single numbers so that I can find the sum of the int. I need 8790278573 to turn into 8 7 9 0 2 7 8 5 7 3, so that I can add them together and find the sum. Any ideas on how I should do that?
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Old 09-14-2004, 07:52 AM   #2 (permalink)
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Location: Wales, UK, Europe, Earth, Milky Way, Universe
I've knocked together a little solution which works with int's but i'm afraid 8790278573 doesnt fit in an int (on my computer at least). You can see the method i used anyway:

Code:
#include<iostream>

using namespace std;

int main() {

	int i = 790278573;  // Number you want to add the digits of

	int icopy = i;
	int result = 0;
        
	while(icopy > 0) {
		result += icopy % 10;
		icopy /= 10;
	}

	cout << "Initial number: " << i      << "\n";
	cout << "Sum of digits : " << result << "\n";
}
I'd like to see a better method if anyone would like to post one. I'm not that hot on C++

Hope this helps anyway
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Old 09-14-2004, 09:06 AM   #3 (permalink)
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Store the large number as a string. By "string" I don't mean use a c++ "String" class, use a character array. Once you have the bigbad number as a char*, loop over it character by character, and convert each back to a int.
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Old 09-14-2004, 10:03 AM   #4 (permalink)
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Quote:
Originally Posted by welshbyte
i'm afraid 8790278573 doesnt fit in an int (on my computer at least).
Hmm, it should do but somethings wrong on my PC... i think i'm gonna need to look into it.

Anyway, my solution should work fine for that big number. I still cant think of a better way to do it...
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Old 09-14-2004, 05:33 PM   #5 (permalink)
Upright
 
I swear, you guys are making this way too hard.

Code:
int main()
{

        char *strBignum = "790278573\0";
        int i,sum=0;
        for(i=0; i<strlen(strBignum); i++) {
                sum += (int)(strBignum[i]-'0');
        }
        cout << "The sum is: " << sum <<endl;

}
The only trick is the ascii math. Just subtract the ascii value of '0' from the char, and cast it to an int.
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Old 09-14-2004, 10:08 PM   #6 (permalink)
Crazy
 
That's a good one, bacon. The hardest part is getting the ascii math right.

You can even make it simpler (I like to make things as simple as possible):

Code:
int main()
{
        char *p = "8790278573";
        int s = 0;

        while (*p)
                s += *p++ - '0';

        cout << "sum " << s << endl;
}
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Old 09-14-2004, 11:12 PM   #7 (permalink)
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Location: Wales, UK, Europe, Earth, Milky Way, Universe
Nice one roboshark, very elegant. Have to say i was trying to stick to ints because j0hnb specified ints in his question but yours seems a much better way of doing it.
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Old 09-15-2004, 02:04 AM   #8 (permalink)
Crazy
 
Quote:
Originally Posted by welshbyte
Nice one roboshark, very elegant. Have to say i was trying to stick to ints because j0hnb specified ints in his question but yours seems a much better way of doing it.
Thanks. Elegant code is so much more rewarding.

However, don't knock your solution completely. If the input can be represented as a string (such as reading the number from the command line), a solution such as bacon's or mine would be the best one. However, if the input is already in integer form (though the integer the OP specified won't fit into a 32 bit integer), then a solution along the lines you've presented will be the only choice. And yours looks pretty elegant to me!
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Old 09-15-2004, 05:07 AM   #9 (permalink)
Upright
 
Pointer arithmatic is swanky. We can tweak this a bit more.

Code:
int main()
{
        int s = 0;
        for (char *p = "8790278573"; *p; s+= *p++ -'0');
        cout << "sum " << s << endl;
}
I hate while loops.
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Old 09-15-2004, 09:04 AM   #10 (permalink)
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Location: Wales, UK, Europe, Earth, Milky Way, Universe
robo: thanks for the kind words

You know, If we tweak this any more its gonna be totally unreadable!

Heh, i never knew you could go to the next character in a *char by using ++. Ya learn something new every day

Anyway, i think j0hnb should have his answer now *pats us all on the back* I wonder where he went...
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Old 09-15-2004, 04:40 PM   #11 (permalink)
Junkie
 
If your original data is in an integer format go with the first solution. Also the first solution can be modified slightly to change your base. You should learn the mod divide algorithm for extracting digits.
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Old 09-15-2004, 11:03 PM   #12 (permalink)
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Location: No longer, D.C
you guys are my heros hanging around a bunch of java nuts makes me miss pointers soo much
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